Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: Neandertals gave Europeans lipid catabolism genes

This article gives support for the paleo diet among Europeans due to Neanderthal genes that remain in the European genetic code.

A Brief View of the NLRB Region 13′s Finding that Scholarship Athletes Can Form A Union

The decision to allow Northweastern University scholarship football players to form a union by NLRB Region 13′s DIrector, simply is his examination of the rules of employement and applying them to the facts of the relationship between the players and Northwestern University. The rules say that if you have control over the means, methods and times of employment, the actors are employees for NLRB purposes and are eligible to form a union.  This doesn”t mean they will, it says they can.

Now there needs to be an election where one plus half of the players must vote to certify the union. I doubt they will because there is great danger to doing so and these dangers will be well explained to them by Northwestern and others before the election will take place.

For example, if their scholarships are found to be income to employees and not a grant to a student athlete, it becomes taxable. That is about $70,000 in taxable income to each player. Then there is the problem of being compensated for playing. That makes them professionals by NCAA standards and they are not eligible for scholarships.  If they want to go to college, they can pay for it.

There are other problems with this ruling that simply was not thought about for any length by the Director, but those cited above are suffecient to defeat the insane quest for a union by the Northwestern football players.  

Malaysia 370, the Flotsam Evidence of a Crash (Updated)

I have been following the Malaysia 370 search with great interest. The most compelling evidence of the plane’s location was from sophisticated analysis of the pings emitted from satellite located over the Indian Ocean. By analysing the doppler effect of the pings that indicated whether the pings were coming from a source moving towards the satellite or away from it, a theory was propounded that positioned the plane on a course toward the mid Indian ocean, several hundred miles west of Perth, Australia. By analysing the fuel supply on the plane, a probable crash site was fixed.

A search of that area, that is ranther large, by the way, found floating debris is several places. Ships were dispatched to pick up this debris to see if it was from 370. That caused my to recall my several hundred hours as a forward lookout on the USS Greenwich Bay as it crossed the Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. The later being the area of the presumed crash. What I recalled was that I spotted debris fields on nearly every watch. I saw boxes, barrels, foam pieces, wooden pallets, and pieces of what sailors call flotsam, stuff that floats, everywhere. So I was not impressed by having such articles spotted by satellites.  It also seems that ocean currents tend to congregate flotsam in debris fields that can be enormous.  Trying to find and examine every piece of flotsam west of Perth is an overwhelmingly difficult task that may not ever reveal the end of 370.

I certainly hope that we find out what happened to this plane, and, if it crashed, 370 flotsam will certainly be present, but to chase down every bit floating in the ocean seems to be a frustrating search.  A still pinging black box is our best chance, but we only have five more days before the batteries are drained of power.

Updated: This leaves open the possibilty that the plane did not crash and that the search for debris is a classic red herring. A recent article claims a passenger photographed the landing strip on Diego Garcia, a US Naval Base south of the equator in the Indian Ocean. Doppler analysis of the pings referred to above are consistent with this location. By the way, I visited Diego Garcia when on the Greenwich Bay when it was a copra plantation.

Baseball’s Timeless Appeal

Baseball’s timeless appeal captures the minds of fans who are enthralled by a game that, like the “Odyssey,” tells a story
of the human condition, of confronting enemies, helping friends, and, of course, getting home safely. This appeal applies to
softball and Little League baseball as well as to the Major Leagues. In other games, teams of equal size battle from one end
of a court, arena, or field to the other. In these “back and forth games,” success is measured by crossing a line or placing an
object in a goal. Not so in baseball, where the batter competes against nine opponents and success is measured by a
player’s ability to overcome the odds by safely moving from base to base so that he or she gets home safely.
Baseball is played on the largest field in team sports not involving a horse, even larger than cricket. Its field is
distinguished from those of the back and forth games, which are all rectangles covered with lines, circles, and dots, by its
simplicity, with two lines diverging at 90 degrees from a single point to define both the infield and the outfield. At the point
of intersection is home plate, an oddly shaped five-sided figure, smaller than a basketball hoop, where all action begins and
ends. The infield is a ninety foot square that is tipped on its end to form a diamond with the outfield beyond. There are three
15 inch bases positioned on the corners of the 90 foot square. The pitcher’s mound rises 10 inches above the infield, 60
feet, 6 inches from home plate. All infields have this perfect symmetry, while the outfields vary widely.
The story unfolds as the batter stands in the batter’s box facing his nemesis, the pitcher. The batter is surrounded by
seven fielders and the pitcher in front with the catcher behind.  The pitcher starts the action by pitching the ball over or just
near home plate. The ball is leather bound and moves at lethal velocity. Fear is the first emotion that the player must
overcome to play the game well. Many young players drop out when they can hear the ball in flight, are knocked down by an
errant fast ball, or fooled by a curve into falling away, swinging weakly– insulted, stripped of all dignity, and humiliated, as
courage and skill are shown to be lacking.
The pitcher attempts to put the batter out by using his extensive arsenal of pitches to cause the batter to strike out or hit
the ball so it is caught in the air or on the ground to an infielder who throws him out. The pitchers can use any combination
of speed or spin to defeat the batter, including illegal spit balls that sink precipitously, or scuffed and cut balls that spin
viciously.  Pitchers succeed in putting batters out nearly 75% percent of the time.
If the batter hits a fair ball that is not caught, he becomes a runner and begins an odyssey around the bases. This must
be done carefully, but speedily, as he moves from the sanctuary of one base to another. The sanctuary of the base is
available to one runner at a time, and a runner is compelled to leave the sanctuary when the batter becomes a runner and
there is no empty base between them. When a runner is forced to leave the base to go to the next base, he can be forced
out merely by having a fielder touch the next base while holding the ball. Otherwise, the runner is safe while touching the
base, but is subject to being put out anytime a fielder touches an “off base” runner with the ball. For Odysseus and his crew,
the ship was the base and sanctuary and Odysseus tied himself to a mast to be safe from the Sirens’ pitch.  Fielders, like
Scylla, Cyclops and Circe, can use any form of deception, guile, misdirection, feints, hidden-ball tricks, and pick-off plays, all
aimed at putting a vulnerable runner out. The runner is bound to stay on the straight and narrow base path while his enemies
plot his end.  He, like Odysseus, only wants to get home safely, and to do so, he must take risks, and be crafty, careful, and
fleet of foot, and he usually needs a little help from his friends. Like Odysseus, the runner often finds home blocked by the
catcher, armored like a Greek warrior in mask, breast plate, and greaves, who is the last barrier to success.
The runner’s fate is determined by umpires, who are the ultimate judges of safe and out, or life and death, which they
signal with single swipe of a hand, thumb extended for “out” or both hands outstretched palms down for “safe,” which
means “nothing notable happened, let’s keep going.” The “nothing” that happened is no out was made and baseball keeps
time with outs.
Baseball’s most prestigious feat is the home run. However, it only accounts for one run, plus one for each runner on
base, whereas in cricket a ball hit over the boundary on the fly counts for six runs. The home run derives its prestige from the
act of driving the hostile pitch out of the field of play in a showing of complete victory. It is the ultimate show of dominance,
like Alexander the Great cutting the Gordian Knot. A home run allows the batter to trot regally, with impunity, in an
ostentatiously slow, plodding, sometimes taunting pace, while the fielders must stand and watch, incapable of action, mute.
Baseball tells a story that relates to the human condition. The game requires great physical and mental skill in hitting a
pitched ball, fielding, throwing, running, and taking risks to advance through the dangers of the infield. It is unique in its
imagery and its appeal is the story of players alone in the wilderness, relying on friends for help, and being alert to dangers,
while focusing on the single goal of reaching home safely. For a baseball player, like the rest of us, this occurs everyday. The
story played out is like life itself, and that is the appeal of the game that has enraptured its fans for more than 150 years.
    Clark Griffith is a lawyer and arbitrator in Minneapolis. He grew up with four uncles who played in the Major Leagues, Clark
Griffith, for whom he is named, Joe Cronin, Joe Haynes and Sherrard Robertson. His great uncle Clark and Uncle Joe Cronin
are in the Hall of Fame. He learned a lot about baseball from these uncles, but it was his mother, Natalie, who taught him the
majesty of the game just as she had learned it from her father.